Lion – The King of The Jungle
A lion is the second-largest cat species in the world after tigers, and also known as the king of the jungle or beast of the forest. These felines once roamed around Africa, Europe, and Asia but now only live in Asia and Africa, two subspecies of lions have been recognized Asiatic lions and African lions. The African lions can be found in the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Botswana, Tanzania, Angola, and Mozambique
Lion has a compact and robust body with muscular forelegs, powerful teeth, and jaws. The coats of a lion are yellow gold in color, adult lions have a furry mane that is reddish-brown to black. Lions spend 16 to 20 hours each day resting and sleeping. Lions communicate by their roars; the roar of a lion can be heard up to 8 km away. They also communicate through variations of vocalization such as hisses, snarls, and purr. Sometimes they even perform peaceful actions such as licking each other or rubbing their heads.
More About Lion (Interesting Facts about Lions)
Lions are symbols of strength, courage, royalty, and dignity. Male lions prefer to breed when they are large enough to take over a pride and have breeding rights. A female lion will deliver one to four cubs after the gestation of four months. At the time of birth, the cubs will weigh 2 to 4 pounds. The mother will wean the cubs for six months. By the IUCN red list, the lions are listed as vulnerable.
Tiger – largest Member of the Cat Family
Tiger is the largest species of the cat family; tigers have an energetic body, sharp teeth, and strong jaws, which make them mighty hunters. These species have orange-reddish coats with black stripes. Tigers have a muscular body with robust forelimbs and ample head and tail.
Lions are considered as the closest relatives of tigers, without fur, it is difficult to identify a tiger and a lion. Tigers can be found in Southeast Asia, eastern Russia, and china. There sub-species can be found in countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Laos, and Bangladesh. The tigers communicate through a variety of vocalizations such as roaring, chuffing, and grunting. They also interact using signals, which include scent marking and starches on trees. There are six subspecies of tigers and three extinct species of tigers. Like a human being fingerprint, the stripes of tigers also varies.
National Animal of India:
The Bengal tiger is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. Mating between the tigers takes place in the winter season between November and April. The female delivers two to four cubs after maturation of 100 days. The cubs are born blind and can open their eyes after two weeks of birth. Under the IUCN red list, the species is listed as endangered. The significant threat to these species is hunting and habitat loss. Tigers are hunted for their meat, pelts and other body parts.
Difference Between Lion and Tiger:
|Scientific name-||The scientific name of a lion-|
|The scientific name of a tiger-|
Lions prefer to live in a variety of habitats, which include grasslands, savanna, open plains, thick bushes, and dry throne regions.
Tigers inhabits the grasslands, woodlands, tropical forests, evergreen forests, and mangrove swamps.
South China tiger
|Weight-||How much does a lion weigh?|
African lion weighs between 330 to 550 pounds.
Asiatic lion weighs between 242 to 418 pounds.
|How much does a tiger weigh?|
A male tiger weighs between 198 to 683 pounds.
|Size-||Are Tigers Bigger than Lions?|
African lions can grow between 9 to 10 feet long, where their tail adds 2 to 3 feet, and an Asiatic lion can grow to 6.6 to 9.2 feet.
|The most abundant species of tiger, the Amur tiger, measures 10 feet and the smallest species of tiger, the Sumatran tiger measures to 8 feet.|
|Predators and Prey-||Lion Predators and Prey-|
The natural predators of lions include hyenas and cheetahs. The prey of African lions are antelopes, zebra, rhino, hippo, and hogs, whereas Asiatic lions hunt on buffalo, Asian antelopes, and goats.
|Tiger Predators and Prey- |
The predators of tigers other than humans include large buffaloes, bears, and elephants. Tigers hunt on deer, monkey, crocodile, and leopards.
|Population-||The lion population in the world-|
Today, only 20,000 lions reside in African countries.
|Tiger population in the world-|
Nearly around 4000 mature individuals exist in the world.
|Lifespan-||In the wild, the lions can live for 12 to 15 years, whereas in captivity they can survive for 20 years.||Tigers can survive for 10 to 15 years in the wild and 16 to 18 years in captivity.|
What is a Pride of Lions?
Lions are social animals that live in a group called ‘pride,’ these are close family groups that hunt and protect their territory together. Both the species of lions, Asiatic and African, consists of different pride groups. The pride of African lion subsides of three adult males and numerous females with their young cubs. Some pride of lions can be as enormous as 40 members; the females are related to each other as they remain in the same pride in which they were born.
On the other hand, the males create their pride when they get old. Asiatic lions would not live with the females in the pride unless they came together for mating. A pride of male lions is known as ‘coalition,’ and the area adapted for pride is known as pride area. Some lions are nomads and live alone or in pairs, the space occupied by nomad lions is called a range.
Who Would Win Lion or Tiger?
Both lion and tiger are powerful beasts of the cat family. Still, if we talk about a fight between a lion and a tiger, the chances are high for a tiger as he acquires every single physical advantage over a lion. Tigers are more powerful and robust as compared to a lion. The lithe and muscular body of a tiger allows him to use its pure strength against a lion.
Are Tigers Stronger Than Lions?
- On the other hand, a lion gains an advantage in the category of willingness to fight.
- A lion is always ready to fight, but a tiger knows better how to fight. The tigers are more intelligent than a lion and learn the fighting skills quickly than a lion.
- As we know that a lion symbolizes strength and courage, and so is called the king of the jungle, but when a tiger attacks its prey, it kills the prey really faster.
- In the Roman Empire, the lions and tigers were enforced to fight together, and surprisingly the Bengal tiger won against the African lion. Earlier, even the kings of India used to conduct these fights.
Also read about tiger vs elephant fight comparison. Who will win?