Warthog vs Wild Boar (Difference Between Warthog and Wild Boar)

warthog vs wild boar

What Does a Warthog Look Like?

Warthogs are wild animals that belong to the swine family and are related to pigs, boars, and hogs. They may not be beautiful creatures, but they are known for their exceptional strength, intelligence, and flexibility. Warthogs have a thick growth of skin on their face, which looks like warts. These patches often act as protection when male warthogs fight during the mating season. Like other pig species, they are fleshy, with long nostrils at the end of their snout.

Warthog Species

There are two species of warthogs– common warthogs and desert warthogs. Warthogs have little fur on their body, and their tail also ends with a cluster of hair. Warthogs have mammoth tusks and teeth; common warthogs have two upper incisors and four to six lower incisors, while desert warthogs have no incisors. According to a study, common warthogs are slightly more giant than desert warthogs.

Warthog Habitat:

Warthogs live in burrows made by Aardvarks. These tunnels protect them from extreme temperatures. Warthogs are generally inactive, so they preferred for already deserted dens to live, although Aardvarks and warthogs do not fight for the holes.

What are Sows Pig?

Female warthogs called sows are social and live in groups known as sounders. The group consists of up to 40 members. Adult males are not social and tend to live alone. Female warthogs groom each other and cuddle together at night for warmth.

Most warthogs scour at day time for food, but if they live in an area where people can hunt them, they choose to forage at night. The sows (female warthogs) communicate with all kinds of grunts, snorts, growls, and squeals. The purpose of the vocalization could be greetings, warnings, threats, and any other.

Warthogs Life Span

Female warthogs, usually deliver two to three young ones after the gestation of six months. The young ones known as piglets, and they weigh around 1 to 2 pounds at the time of birth. The piglets weaned for four months.

Under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list of threatened species, warthogs are classified as least concern. Oxpeckers and other birds travel on their back and eat insects off their bodies.

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What Does a Boar Look Like?

The unique feature of a wild boar is its tusk on the bottom lip. Male wild boars have more massive and curved teeth, and they also possess an extra tusk on their upper lip. The males use the tusks for the fight during the mating season. The snout of wild boars is elongated and elastic, which they use for digging out roots and bulbs.

More Information About Boar:

Wild pigs are close relatives of domestic pigs and are known as wild pigs or feral swine. Though there is a difference between boar and pig boars are capable of living in a wide variety of environments. They are medium-sized animal; their body is covered with a double coat of furs. The color of the skin can be brown, red, black, or gray. The upper layer consists of harsh and stiff hair, while the undercoat is much softer.

Despite poor eyesight, these species recognize their environment through a good sense of smell and hearing capacity. Wild boars are active during the night and spend much of their daytime sleeping. Female wild boars exhibit social behavior and lives in a group of six to thirty individuals. The wild boars communicate just like the warthogs. 

The gestation period lasts for 108 to 120 days, after giving birth to 4 to 6 piglets. According to the IUCN red list, the species are categorized as least concern. The wild boars are hunted for their meat, sport, and as pets.

What is the Difference Between a Pig and a Hog?

Although warthogs, wild boars, and pigs all belong to the same family, somehow, they all are different from each other. Pigs have sturdy bodies, flat snout, small eyes, and large ears. They are highly intelligent and social animals who can find all over the world except Antarctica. Pigs are among the first mammal to be domesticated.  They mainly live in grasslands, rain forests, temperate forests, savannas, wetlands, and scrub lands. Like hogs and boars, pigs are also social animals who live in groups called sounders. The pigs communicate through short grunts, longer growls, and a roar to warn other pigs. All the three pigs, hogs and boars, are omnivorous and can eat anything. Female pigs can deliver 6 to 14 piglets at a time. The piglet weigh around 2.5 pounds at the time of birth. Pigs are least concerned under the IUCN red list of threatened species.

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Difference Between Warthog and Wild Boar:

ParametersWild BoarWarthog
Scientific name-
The scientific name of wild boar is Sus Scorfa.

The scientific name of warthog is Phacochoerus Africanus.
Species-There are 16 sub-species of wild boars, which are divided into four regional groups-

1.    Indian
2.    Eastern
3.    Western
4.    Indonesian
Subspecies of warthogs-
 
1.    Nolan warthog
2.    Central African warthog
3.    Southern warthog
4.    Eritrean Warthog
Size-Wild boars can reach up to 3 to 6.5 feet in length and 21.6 to 39.3 inches in height.Warthogs are around 30 inches tall and can reach between 35 to 59 inches long.
Weight-Wild boars can weight 90 to 700 pounds.Warthogs can weigh 120 to 250 pounds.

Habitat-
  Wild boars are habitat to live in tropical rainforests, grasslands and taiga. Warthogs prefer to live in savanna woodlands of Africa and grasslands.

Diet
Wild boars are omnivorous and primarily feed on seeds, fruits, leaves, berries, eggs, mice, lizards, and snakes. Warthogs are herbivorous, which means they mainly feed on roots, berries, grass, and plants, but they can also eat meat in times of scarcity.

Speed-
The average speed of a wild boar is 15 mph.The average speed of a warthog is 30 mph.
Lifespan- Wild boars can live for ten years in wild and 25 years in captivity. Warthogs can live up to 12 to 18 years.

Wild boar vs Warthog:

If we compare the physical nature and features of both the animals, we can observe that both of them have same physical qualities. Wild boars are challenging and aggressive in nature while, warthogs are intelligent and flexible. If we imagine a fight between both of them, a wild boar will try hard to compete with its enemy and warthogs can escape very well using their intelligence and flexible body.

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