What is a Toad?
Toads are amphibians; unlike frogs that belong to the Bufonidae family, the toad is a common name for individual frogs. Although there is no scientific distinction between a toad and a frog as both belong to the Anura order, but have different families.
Their dry and rugged skin can characterize toads. This rough skin is not, however, a wart, and a person won’t cause a mole by holding a toad. Toads have glands behind their eyes that produce a poisonous secretion that is called the parotoid gland.
- As toads are cold-blooded, they can survive on land and in water. The legs of a toad are comparatively shorter than a frog. They have full and thick bones, and they can’t get a higher jump as frogs.
- Toads have two color patterns, toads with brighter color depict their presence and alert predators for their toxic skin.
- Those toads with the brown or green color can blend themselves with the surroundings so that predators have a hard time to find them. If a predator is nearby, toads puff up their body to look bigger.
- Toads do not have teeth, they swallow their food wholly, and they have to blink their eyes to consume food. Mostly toads are nocturnal; they rest during the day time in their burrow or under leaves. During winters and drought, toads also hibernate.
- Each species of a toad has a single call; the male uses its appeal to attract females or to keep other males away from their territory. During mating, these species gather near ponds, creeks rain puddles. After mating the female leave eggs in the sacs of water, a female can produce up to 30,000 eggs depending on the toad species.
- Before becoming adults fully, the eggs get hatched into tadpoles. Tadpoles have tails for swimming instead of legs and gills to breathe under the water. Once the tadpoles become adults, the tails disappear; at the same time, they grow legs and loses their gills.
More About Toad:
Toads are essential for the ecosystem and humans as they are significant predators of insects and other invertebrates. Due to their warty and poisonous appearance, humans do not tend to eat them. Some species of toads act as weather forecasters; before a rainstorm, they came out making loud sounds. In Chinese culture, the money toad occurs as a Feng Shui delight for prosperity.
Under the IUCN red list, some species of toads are classified as endangered or threatened. The primary threat involves habitat fragmentation and invasive species.
Frog Genus (Common Frog):
A frog is a member of a large predatory group of short bodies and tailless amphibians that are known for viscous skin, bulging eyes, croaking sound, and jumping abilities. Frogs are mostly aquatic and are longer than a toad. Frogs have long back legs and webbed feet for jumping and swimming. Frogs can jump up to 20 times their body length in a single leap. The eyes and nose of a frog are located on the top of their head. Frogs sizes differ from one another as there are so many species of frogs.
Frog Facts (Fun Facts About Frogs):
- To catch its prey, the frog will use their sticky tongue which will dart from their mouth and pull the victim into its mouth. The tongue of a frog can snap back into its mouth within seconds.
- Just like toads, frogs also contain toxic skin, the frogs who consists of poison usually have bright color to warn predators, and the others have mottled green or brown skin to blend themselves with their surroundings.
- During the mating season, the male frog croak loudly to attract a female. After the eggs are fertilized, the female can lay more than 50,000 eggs at one time after the gestation for 48 hours to 23 days.
- Once the egg hatched, a small, legless creature emerges, the offspring of a frog is called a tadpole. Frogs are social creatures that live in groups; the group is known as army, colony, or knot.
- According to the IUCN red list, some species of frogs are listed as threatened while some others are listed as critically endangered, and some of them are safe.
Difference Between Frog and Toad:
|Scientific name-||The scientific name of frog-|
The scientific name of the frog is Anura.
|The scientific name of toad-|
The scientific name of the toad is Bufonidae.
|Habitat-||Frogs are habitat in the freshwater bodies; they cannot survive in the saltwater. Frogs can be found in all the continents except Antarctica.||Toads prefer to live in moist, open fields and grasslands.|
|Species-||Frog Species- Although there are around 4,810 species of frog, the most common frog species are-|
African clawed frogs
Borneo eared frogs
Brazilian milk frogs
Dart poison frogs
Giant monkey frogs
Long-nosed horned frogs
|Toad Species- Some recognized species of toads are as follows-|
|Food-||What do frogs eat?|
The diet of frogs includes bugs, spiders, worms, small fish, larvae, and slugs.
|What do toads eat?|
The diet of a toad consists of small fish, spiders, flies, snails, lizards, snakes, mice, crickets, grubs, and other tiny toads and frogs.
|Eggs-||What do frog eggs look like?|
Many frogs lay eggs in gelatine masses of many eggs stuck together, known as frogspawn. Fully aquatic frog lay tiny white beads, some other lay eggs in bubble nests.
|What do toad eggs look like?|
The eggs of a toad is attached to the grass or leaves in long parallel strands that look like a string of black beads.
|Lifespan-||The average lifespan of a frog is 10 to 12 years.||The average lifespan of a common toad is 10 to 12 years, whereas the lifespan for a cane toad is 10 to 15 years.|
Which is Poisonous Frog or Toad?
Both frogs and toads are poisonous; toads have poison glands behind their eyes, which releases a toxin substance. On the other hand, some frogs have toxin skin that one single drop of their skin secretion can kill an adult human.
Toad vs. Frog:
If a toad and a frog have to be matched in a fight, a toad would have the advantage. Toads are more massive than frogs and possess toxin glands that can kill humans. Toads are adapted to live on land and in water also. The skin of a toad is much tighter than a frog. Toads are efficient walkers than jumpers as they have short legs and webbed feet. The eggs of toads are also poisonous.
On the other hand, not all the species of frogs are poisonous; only bright colored species contain toxin skin. The long back legs of a frog allow them to jump better. Frogs have teeth on their upper jaw, but toads don’t have teeth. One can count the age of frog by looking at its ring as every year during hibernation frogs develop a new layer of bone.
Also read about Tasmanian devil.