Sumatran Elephants (Subspecies Of The Asian Elephant):

sumantran elephants | endangered elephants

These smallest Asian elephants came from the Elephantidae family. Scientifically they are also known as Elephas maximus Sumatrauns. Asian elephants are different from African Elephants; Sumatran elephants have brighter skin with fewer de-pigmentation spots. These elephants reach a shoulder height of 6.6 and 10.5 feet and weigh between 4400 and 8800 pounds. Generally, female Sumatrans are smaller than males. Male Sumatran elephants express visible tusks, which don’t grow long, whereas female Sumatran has short or no teeth.

Where do Sumatran Elephants Live?

Sumatran elephants are native to Sumatran islands in Indonesia, where they inhabitant in the nearby rivers in the lowland forests. Sumatran elephants share their habitat with other species such as Sumatran rhino, Sumatran tiger, and Sumatran orang-utans with several others. 

Sumatran Elephants Diet:

Sumatran elephants are herbivorous animals and the feed on bark, banana, liana, various types of herbs. These species also eat paddy crops like sugar cane; coconut leaves with different fruits like papaya.

Sumatran Elephants Habitat:

These unique elephants prefer to habitat in the broadleaf moist tropical forests. These species are highly sociable, forming herds of 25-35. When they reach the age of pre-adulthood, the males are forced to live in the group. During the day time, the Sumatran elephants are most active and search for food. While traveling in the group, the members uniformly keep in touch by communicating in a typical form. They create a soft vibration through the upper trunk that is heard by the group members. According to a study, these species can give a supersonic sound that can be felt at a distance of 5 km.

Sumatran Elephant Population:

The total population of Sumatran elephants is around 2,400-2,800, according to the WWF (world wildlife fund).

Top 5 Most Endangered Animals:

In the year 2011, the IUCN listed the Sumatran elephants as critically endangered species. In the past 25 years, these species have lost around 70% of its habitat. The reason behind their decline is deforestation, the industries of paper and plantation of palm oil tree has destroyed the natural habitation of the Sumatran elephants. Other than this, they are poached for their meat, ivory task, and other body parts; their ivory tusk is sold illegally, which has a high commercial value. Asian Sumatran elephants are trained and traded for entertainment purposes.

Sumatran Elephant Facts:

  • Sumatran elephants possess 20 ribs, whereas the other Asian elephants possess 19 bones.
  • Sumatran elephants drink water with their mouth and can suck up to 9 liters water at a time.
  • To protect their skin from the insect bites, Sumatran elephants slosh around in mud regularly.
  • Sumatran elephants have two sleeping periods- during the day time and midnight. During the day time, they sleep standing under the shelter of a tree, and during the night, they lie down on soft grass.
  • These species are unable to jog, jump or trot due to their massive weight. They are also incapable of getting all their four limbs off the ground at the same time.
  • Sumatran elephants can breed at any season, but the peak period is considered during the rainy season.
  • The pregnancy in a female Sumatran elephant can last between 19-21 months. They give birth to a single calf every four years. Female Sumatran stops reproducing after the age of 60.
  • A new-born Sumatran elephant usually weighs less than 198 pounds. 
  • The appropriate life span of Sumatran elephants is 70 years.