Poison Dart Frog Information
Poison dart frogs are the member of Dendrobatidae and are considered as the most poisonous frogs despite their small sizes and colorful appearance.
They got their name poison dart from the American Indian hunters as they tip their arrow by rubbing it on the frog’s toxin back. Poison dart frogs are Tetrapod; their earliest kind existed about 300 to 400 million years ago. Their four-limbed ancestors were more like fish with legs.
Poison Dart Frogs Facts:
There are almost 200 species of poison dart frogs, and all of them can be seen in amazing colorful packages of yellow, orange, gold, copper, green, red, blue, and black.
The long body and vibrant colors of these species keep the potential predators off; this defensive technique is known as aposematic coloration.
According to the scientists, the poison dart frogs can assimilate the plant poison from eating prey like ant, termites, and beetles. Most of the species of poison frog contain fatal toxins.
The Golden poison dart is the deadliest frog found only in Colombia. One golden poison dart frog can kill ten adult men. About one-third of the poison dart frog species are incredibly toxic to human beings.
When these species find themselves in danger, they secrete lipophilic alkaloid toxins through their poison glands located under their skin. Because of this toxicity, these species have few predators. They are generally fatal to snakes that feed on them. However, only the fire-bellied snake can sustain the poison of these frogs.
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Poison Dart Frog Behavior:
Unlike most frog species, which are diurnal means, they are active during the daytime. Poison dart frogs have excellent eyesight. They use their long sticky tongue to catch their prey. Poison dart frogs can hunt their prey easily as many of them get attracted to their bright colors.
The mating season between poison dart frogs takes place between the rainy seasons (mid-July to mid-September). The male poison dart frog will attract the female, and the female will choose the partner after the rituals of vocalization and territorial wrestling. A female poison dart frog can lay up to 40 eggs in a green place on the ground or in a tree. The parents keep the egg moist through sitting or urinating on them.
The poison dart tadpole will hatch after two to four weeks; the male parent will carry the tadpole on his back and head. Once the tadpoles enter the water, the female poison dart feeds them with unfertilized eggs and algae.
When the poison dart frog attack humans, the following symptoms can be noticed-
- Pain in the upper abdomen
- Liver and kidney failure
- Lung damage
- Heart problems
- Skin problems
Are Poison Dart Frog Endangered?
Golden poison dart frogs and blue poison dart frogs are endangered species due to their habitat loss, pollution, trade, and environmental changes. Some of them are illegally collected for the pet trade.
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Box Jellyfish Information
Box jellyfish are the most dangerous among other jellyfish in the world. They are also known as sea wasps and marine stingers, they got their name box because of the cube-like shape of their bell. Scientists have recognized more than 50 species of jellyfish, and according to a study, they can swim faster than Olympic Swimmers.
A jellyfish is an invertebrate animal; they do not have a backbone in their bodies. They are light blue and have about a dozen tentacles that grow from each corner of the bell. The limbs grow up to 10 feet in length and have about 5,000 stinging cells.
Box Jellyfish Facts:
Box jellyfish have 24 eyes that are classified into four different kinds. They are located on a circular structure in the middle of the jellyfish bell. The upper and lower set of eyes of a box jellyfish can form images. These sets of eyes help them to see, navigate, and avoid obstacles. The other two sets of eyes are primitive; their eyes have a visual field of 90 to 100 degrees.
Box jellyfish does not have any control over their movements, so they move by drifting in the water currents. They sleep at night at the bottom of the ocean floor and hunt during the day. Box jellyfish first paralyzes their prey with their toxic sting, when the prey gets immobilized, they engulf the victim in their mouth. These species can reproduce both sexually and asexually.
Box Jellyfish Attack:
A sting from a box jellyfish is so toxic that it can kill a human being and if one can survive the pain but probably will have permanent damage to the body. The victim from the sting of jellyfish can observe the following symptoms-
- Abnormal heartbeat
- High blood pressure
- Nervous system breakdown
Poison Dart Frog vs Box Jellyfish:
Although both the poison dart frog and the box jellyfish belong to two different orders, they have one thing in common, and that is they both are poisonous. Both of them can cause several health issues in humans if any human being becomes the victim of their sting or bite. In some situations, the symptoms are also similar.
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