Where Do Saltwater Crocodiles Live?

nile crocodile attacks | nile crocodile vs salt water crocodile

The Nile crocodile is one of the largest species among other species; they inherit in the freshwater only. The body of these species is a forge, with long and sturdy tail and webbed hind legs. The jaws of the Nile crocodile are sharp, powerful, and sharp to catch and hold its prey. They can move in the water with open mouth and even hold their prey without swallowing the water, as they have a special valve located at the back of their throat.

An adult Nile crocodile can be identified by its gray-olive body and yellow belly. The young crocodiles have a green or dark olive-brown color with banding that across their physique. The banding become faded as they grew older.

Nile Crocodile Facts:

  • The eyes, ears, and nostrils of Nile crocodiles are situated at the top of their head so that they can be camouflaged underwater. The eyes of these species are green, and they are quadruped animals with four short, sturdy legs.
  • Nile crocodiles are the creatures with four-chambered hearts.
  • Nile crocodiles are solitary animals, but sometimes they can be seen in small groups.
  • During the day-time, these species sunbathe or cool themselves in the water.
  • The territory of Nile crocodiles includes the area of shores that extends to 50 meters in water. To defend and protect, the adult males will patrol their territory.
  • When these species are threatened, they can be submerged in water for about 30 minutes. When these species are entirely inactive, they can hold breath for 2 hours underwater.
  • The Nile crocodiles have metabolism, that they can revive on external heat that allows them to survive for a more extended period between their meals.

Egypt Crocodiles (The Giant Nile Crocodile)

The mating system between these species is polygamous, where one male can mate with several females. Male crocodile attracts the approachable females by making a variety of noises, like bellowing, slapping their snouts in water. During the nesting season, the female crocodile will dig a nest in a riverbank or sandy river. After the incubation of 80-90 days, the female will deliver 25-35 eggs.

Nile Crocodile Endangered:

Under the IUCN red list, these species are classified as least concern. Although the primary threat to these species involves poaching by humans for their skin, which is used for high-quality manufacturing leather, another danger consists of the habitat loss caused by humans.

Saltwater Crocodile:

The Saltwater crocodile is known to be the enormous living crocodile, and also the giant living reptiles in the world. Although the name is salt water, these species can live in both freshwater and brackish water. Other crocodiles can distinguish saltwater crocodiles by their bulky body and the snout, which is more rounded as compared to other species of crocodiles.

Saltwater crocodile Facts:

  • The nostrils and eyes situated at the top of the head enable them to survive beneath the water, and yet they can hear, smell, and breathe.
  • Unlike Nile crocodiles, these species also have a valve at the end of the mouth that encloses with the throat, which allows them to open their mouth underwater.
  • Saltwater crocodile consists of 40 to 60 teeth’s in their mouth, which help them to rip off the flesh of their prey.
  • Known to be as excellent swimmers, they can travel long distances as much as 600 miles.
  • Saltwater crocodiles are capable of resting following the pattern of uni hemispheric sleep like several other aquatic animals.
  • The model involves sleeping with only half of the brain at a time and keeping the other half as active.
  • The central nervous system of these species is designed in such a way that the left eye remains open when the right side of the brain is awake and vice-versa.
  • Saltwater crocodiles are known to follow a ‘death roll’ which is a hunting behavior constrained for larger prey.
  • After the prey submerged and dies, these species rapidly rolls it in the water to remove the limbs of the victim.
  • The teeth of the crocodile permit them to grip its prey rather than tearing its flesh. The mode of communication involves a variety of sounds, such as hissing, barking, growling, and chirps.

Estuarine Crocodile (Largest Saltwater Crocodile)

Saltwater crocodiles mate during the wet season when the water level is the highest. The female will lay 40 to 60 eggs after the gestation of 84 to 90 days. When the eggs are about to hatch, the young one makes a chirping sound within their eggs. The sexuality of the young ones will be determined by the temperature of the nest in which eggs are laid. Lower evolution temperature produces females, and higher temperatures will result in males.

By the IUCN red list, the saltwater crocodile is listed as least concern. These species have been hunted for decades for their meat and eggs. Currently, these species are legally protected in Australia and many areas.

Difference Between a Saltwater Crocodile and a Nile Crocodile:

ParametersSalt water crocodileNile Crocodile
Scientific name-The scientific name of the saltwater crocodile is Crocodylus porosus.The scientific name of the Nile crocodile is Crocodylus niloticus.
Habitat-Where do saltwater crocodiles live?
Saltwater crocodiles are habitat to both the brackish and saltwater habitat. Their population extends from northern Australia to eastern India and Southeast Asia. They can be found in the river deltas of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
Where do Nile crocodiles live?
Nile crocodiles typically inhabit the freshwater swamps, vast freshwater lakes, mangrove swamps, and coastal waterways. The species is widely distributed across sub-Saharan Africa, where one can find them in the central, eastern, and southern regions of Africa.
Size-An adult saltwater crocodile male can reach a length of 20 feet, whereas females can reach up to 9.8 feet.The male Nile crocodile measures from 11 feet 6 inches to 16 feet 5 inches, whereas females measure 7 feet 10 inches to 12 feet 6 inches.
Weight-Male saltwater crocodile weighs 2,205 to 2,370 pounds.The average Nile crocodile weighs between 496 to 1,213 pounds.
Food-What do saltwater crocodile eat?
Saltwater crocodiles feed on fish, birds, turtles, snakes, while the young ones will eat small insects, small reptiles and crustaceans.
What does Nile crocodile eat?
Being carnivorous, Nile crocodiles will feed on amphibians, insects, fishes, and land creatures, which can include giraffes and cape buffaloes. The newly hatched one will eat insects.
Predators-Saltwater crocodile predators-
The natural predators of saltwater crocodiles include all the species of cat family such as lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars, and cougars.
Nile crocodile predators-
Nile crocodiles are apex predators, and so except humans, they do not have any natural predator. Although giant sharks and hippos could be a danger to them.
Attack-Saltwater crocodile attack-
Saltwater crocodile has the most definite tendency to treat humans as their prey. When a human threatens the territory of these species, they became aggressive and injured humans. Saltwater crocodiles have a long history of attacking humans; they are known to be the most dangerous crocodile.
Nile crocodile attack-
Nile crocodiles are known as the man-eaters; these species, along with saltwater crocodiles are known to kill hundreds of humans every year.
Lifespan-The average life expectancy of a saltwater crocodile is 70 years, but some individuals are known to live up to 100 years.The average lifespan of the Nile crocodile is 50 to 60 years in captivity.

Nile Crocodile vs Saltwater Crocodile:

Both creatures have similar physical features, and they also hunt for the same prey. It can be quite challenging to assume who would win if a fight happened between both of them. Saltwater crocodiles can grow more abundant compared to Nile crocodiles, as saltwater crocodiles are native to larger areas.

On the other hand, Nile crocodile is also known as a man-eater; hundreds of humans are killed by Nile crocodiles which shows that Nile crocodiles are more aggressive than saltwater crocodiles. Nile crocodiles get tired faster than a saltwater crocodile, and saltwater crocodiles are known for their death roll process.