Hornet vs Wasp and Honey Bee vs Hornet

hornet vs wasp | honey bee | wasp | hornet

Honey Bee

The honeybee is a flying insect that has been around for millions of years. Bees are environmentally friendly and are as important as pollinators. The honeybee is the only insect that produces food that is consumed by humans.
Honeybees have six legs, two compound eyes made up of thousands of tiny lenses on each side of the head, two pairs of wings, a nectar pouch, and a stomach. A honeybee can fly up to 15 miles per hour, the distinctive buzz of bees are produced by their wing’s stroke about 200 beats per second.

About Honey Bee:

On average, a honeybee can produce only about 1/12th teaspoon of honey during its lifetime. The brain of bee is about the size of a sesame seed, yet it can remember things. Honey bees communicate with one another by dancing. A honeybee visits 50 to 100 flowers during a single collection trip. Bees have to collect nectar from around two million flowers to make one pound of honey.

Honey Bee Facts:

Honey bee’s lives in a colony which consists of 20,000 to 60,000 bees. The members of the province comprised of three types-

  • Queen- A queen, rules the whole hive, her job is to lay eggs and feed the entire colony. The queen produces a chemical that will guide the behavior of other bees.
  • Workers- workers consists of infertile females, that performs the task of building and protecting the hives, scour for food, clean the air by beating their wings.
  • Drones- drones consist of male bees that perform the only task of mating with the new queen. 

Each colony of a honeybee has a unique odor identification. Bees collect honey during the warmer season and feed on that honey during the winter season. Workers produce the honeycomb which comprises of hexagon-shaped cells.

Queen bee lay eggs in the summers when the hive needs the maximum strength. Queen bee can lay up to 2500 eggs per day. She has the control to lay either male or female egg; if the queen uses the stored sperms to fertilize the egg, the larva will hatch into female bee on the other hand if the queen uses new sperms to fertilize the egg the caterpillar will hatch in the male bee.

Hornet (About Hornets)

Hornets are the insects of the genus Vespa and are the predatory wasps that are strictly related to yellow jackets. There are more than 20 species of wasps, out of which their black and white striped body can recognize most. Hornets have two pairs of wings, long antennas on the head, and a C shaped eyes. Hornets live in nests on the branches and barns or under the roofs. The nests are made up of chewed wood mixed with saliva. The nest is filled with rows of combs and several chambers where the queen lays her eggs.

Hornet Facts:

  • Hornets live in a society which is composed of a queen, workers, and few males.
  • Queen dominates the hornet hives, and other females are asexual female workers that perform the duty of nesting the hive, feeding the young ones, collecting food, and protecting the colony.
  • The males have the only role of mating with the queen; males die soon after mating.
  • The queen lays eggs in summer, where the larvae develop from the egg after 5 to 8 days.
  • The queen will feed the larvae until they make a cocoon; after that, they will transform into workers.
  • In spring, the queen will begin a new nest; the young will become the workers and take over the duty of the new hive.
  • The queen will tend to reproduce and produces several workers to expand the colony.
  • Before the queen dies, she will create the breeding generation of new queens and males.

Difference Between Bees Wasps and Hornets:

ParametersBees Hornets Wasp
Scientific name-Honey bee scientific name-
The scientific name of the honey bee is the Apis.
Hornet scientific name-
The scientific name of the hornet is Vespa.
Wasp scientific name-
The scientific name of the wasp is the Vespula vulgaris.
Habitat-Where do honey bees live?
Honey bees can live in natural habitats, agricultural fields, gardens. They preferred the habitation that includes orchards, meadows, and woodlands.
Where does hornet live?
The species on hornet can be found in tropical Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America.
Where do wasp lives?
Wasps can be found in the gardens, meadows, and woodlands. They live in nests in the ground, which is made of paper.
Diet-What do honey bees eat?
Honey bee consumes the nectar and pollen from a variety of flowers.
What does hornet eat?
Hornets feed on the tree sap, fruits, and various insects.
What do wasps eat?
Adult wasps mainly feed on nectar, whereas the young feed on insects and spiders.
Types-Types of honey bees-
Eastern honey bee
Western honey bee
Philippine honey bee
Africanized honey bee
Koschevnikov’s honey bee
Types of hornets-
Asian giant hornet
Japanese giant hornet
Black-bellied hornet
European hornet
Oriental hornet
Greater banded hornet
Lesser banded hornet
Types of wasps-
Paper wasp
Cicada killer wasp
Thread waisted wasp
Sand wasp
Cuckoo wasp
Attack-How many times can a honey bee sting?
Queen bees can sting numerous times to the other queen bee, male bees cannot hurt, and workers bees can also sting an unlimited number of times. If a honey bee stings a human, that will be her last sting as her stinger will go deep into the flesh of humans, and she will likely lose her barbed stinger.
How many times can a hornet sting?
Hornets have stingers which they use to kill their prey. Each hornet can sting several times, but their bite is less dangerous than other bees and wasps.
How many times can a wasp sting?
Wasps can sting multiple times in a single attack.

Are Hornets and Wasps The Same? (Wasps and Hornets)

Although hornets and wasps have similar bodies but the significant difference between both of them is their size and color. Hornets are more abundant than wasps; hornets have black and white rings around their body while wasps have black and yellow circles.

Honey Bee vs. Hornet:

Hornets can kill and cripple the honeybees and returning the nests with the bee thoraxes, which they feed to their larvae.

Also read difference between frog and toad.