Giant Panda vs Red Panda (Interesting Facts About Pandas)

giant panda vs red panda

The giant panda and the red panda are unrelated mammals despite their similar name. They both belong to two different families, the red panda is a member of the Ailuridae family, whereas giant panda belongs to the family of bears. Both are cute, furry animals and share the different habitat. However, these two creatures also differ in many features. Let us discuss both mammals. 

About Giant panda (What does a giant panda looks like)

The giant panda, also is known as the panda bear, is a bear that lives in a few mountain ranges in Central China. These are a bear of medium to large-sized bears with a large head, small eyes, long muzzle, broad nose, and a short tail. Its thick fur is creamy-white with prominent black patches on shoulders, ears, and nose with different black patches around their eyes. These species are the rarest and shiest animals in the world. 

Where does the giant panda live?

Giant panda inherits in the mountainous ranges of china, in the central provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu. They prefer to live in the coniferous and broadleaf forests with an elevation of up to 5000 and 10,000 feet where they can find a thick understory of bamboo.

What is the size of the giant panda?

The length of panda measures 5 feet, and at the shoulder, they stand 27 to 33 inches. The male weighs 190 to 275 pounds, whereas the female weighs from 155 to 220 pounds.

What does giant panda eat?

Ninety-nine percent of panda’s diet consists of bamboo. They can eat 18 kg of bamboo every day. However, they can also feed other grasses and prey on small rodents and musk deer fawns.

Panda reproduction facts: 

Giant pandas have a slow reproductive rate where mature females breed just once every 2 or 3 years. In the wild, a typical female can deliver five litters in her lifetime. The mother panda provides excellent care to her offspring. Generally by cradling it in her paw and holding it close to the chest. After birth, the mother does not even drink or eat and leave the den for many days. 

The cub has pink skin, thin white fur, long tail, and no teeth. When born, their eyes are closed and open around after 4 to 6 weeks, and teeth came about 14 weeks. The cub stays with the mother for 18 months before getting off their own. 

Facts about giant panda:

  • Although belonging from the bear family, they do not roar like bears but make sounds similar to lamb or goat. 
  • Researchers have studied that panda can make 11 different calls out of which four are only used when searching for a mate.
  • Unlike other bears, pandas do not hibernate. During winters, they go lower down to their mountain homes to a warmer temperature.
  • A group of the panda is known as ’embarrassment.’
  • For many years scientists wonder whether pandas are bear, raccoon, or something of their own.
  • After conducting a genetic test, they came to know that they share a relationship with bears.
  • The first panda was recognized in 1869 when a French missionary received a skin from a hunter.
  • All the pandas in the world are on credit from China and when a baby panda is born. It is sent back to China with an agreement to help expand the gene pool.
  • Panda researchers have to wear panda costumes to work with a baby panda.
  • Fossils have been discovered, showing that giant panda bears had evolved between 2 to 3 million years ago.
  • The world wildlife fund chooses the panda as its logo was to save printing costs.

Also read information about koalas.

How long does panda live?

In the wild, a giant panda’s lifespan is 14 to 20 years while in captivity, they can survive for 30 years. 

Are giant panda endangered?

The IUCN has upgraded its status regarding pandas from endangered to vulnerable. One thousand eight hundred sixty-four giant pandas are surviving in the wild.

The giant panda is the national treasure in china and hence is protected by law. The primary threat to these animals is their habitat loss due to infrastructural development such as roads, dams, and railways. However, the Chinese government has established more than 50 panda reserve. Illegal poaching and hunting are another threat to pandas as their fur is worth $60,000 to $100,000 in the trade market. 

What does red panda look like?

The red panda is a mammal that looks like a house cat’s size and has a cat-like face. Their rusty-colored fur is thick and covers their entire body except for their ears, cheeks, muzzle, and the spots above their eyes. The dense coat helps to keep them warm during winters. Reddish-brown hair runs along each side of their white muzzle, and there are dark and light rings on their long, bushy tail. They have woolly, thick hair on the bottom of their feet that help their feet to keep warm and prevent them from slipping on wet branches. 

Where does red panda live?

The population of red panda ranges from northern Myanmar to western Nepal. They can also live in the mountains of southwest China at an elevation from 4,900 to 13,000 feet. Red pandas are seen in temperate climates in coniferous and deciduous forests. 

What is the size of the red panda?

The head and body length of a red panda measures 20 to 25 inches, and its tail is 11 to 23 inches. The male red panda weighs from 8.2 to 13.7 pounds, whereas females weigh 6.6 to 13.2 pounds. 

What is a red panda’s diet?

 All pandas love to eat bamboo, and they can eat around 20,000 bamboo leaves per day. However, they also feed on other food items besides bamboo. The same applies to red panda; moreover, they not only feed on bamboo. Then what do red pandas eat besides bamboo? Red pandas also eat flowers, fruits, acorns, birds, eggs, small rodents, and insects. 

Red panda reproduction:

The breeding season in red panda takes place from January through April. The gestation lasts for 112 to 158 days; the female delivers mid-June to late July of 1 to 4 blind and deaf cubs. The mother cares for the cub for 6 to 8 months. 

Facts About Red Panda:

  • The scientific name of red panda is Ailurus fulgens. 
  • These pandas are shy, solitary, and nocturnal. Usually, sleep in trees during the day.
  • In cold temperatures, red pandas can become dormant. Lowering their metabolism rate and raising it every few hours to wake up and search for food. 
  • Although these species are quite but can make vocalization such as squeals, twitters, and huff quacks. 
  • Like giant pandas, red panda also has extended wrist bone that acts like a thumb and much supports their grip.
  • Few predators of red pandas include leopards and snow leopards, hawks, owl, and other birds. 
  • The red panda is the only existing species of the genus Ailurus.
  • The first known red panda occurred in the 13th century.
  • The red panda is also known by different names such as lesser panda, red cat-bear, and firefox.
  • The name Firefox web browser has been derived from the red panda.

How long does red panda live?

The average life span of red panda in the wild is 8 to 12 years while in captivity, it can survive for 15 years.

Are red panda endangered?

Under the IUCN red list, the red panda is listed as endangered species. Habitat destruction and poaching are major threats to these species. 

Giant Panda vs Red Panda: Fight Comparison

A fight comparison between a panda and red panda cannot be concluded, because of the habitat in two different regions. For battling, two animals have to come face-to-face, but these are not possible between giant and red pandas. The giant panda and the red panda are not fighters or aggressive. However, these animals can fight with animals such as raccoons.

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