Flora vs Fauna (Difference Between Flora and Fauna)

flora and fauna

Flora and fauna are two different terms used for describing the difference between plants and animals’ life. Flora refers to the term used to study the growth of plants living in a particular region. On the other hand, fauna refers to the study of an animal’s life, surviving in any geographical location. The second difference lies between them: grasslands, trees, and plants fall under the category of flora while all the animals, birds, and insects fall under fauna. Let us thoroughly discuss about flora and fauna.

What is Flora?

The flora refers to every type of plant, appearing in a specific area with a very detailed view. A flora may consist of scientific and common names, habitats, description, geographical locations, flowering times, favorable climates, and other examples.

Flora also includes information about the plant’s reproduction time, family, and DNA numbers. The written description of flora had started in the year 1600 by the botanists. The data has further used by the horticulture to use vegetation and plants subsequently. In contrast, the physician used this information to identify medicinal plants and develop medicine for their parts. 

Plants play a vital role in our environment as they provide food material, medicines, and helps in increasing the economy. They also help in causing rain, balance the ecosystem, and protecting soil erosion. Until now, 400,000 known species of plants have been discovered, and still, 10 percent are yet to find. 

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More About Flora:

However, the flora is a Latin word which has derived from the Roman mythology goddess of flowers. Flora or plants have a wide variety and can be distinguished based on region, climate, flowers, and fruits. But the easiest and most straightforward way to divide flora is based on the area in which they grow. Such as the plants growing in the marshy area will be different from the plant growing in the desert or mountain area. 

Native flora, horticulture flora, and the weed flora are the sub-division of the flora. As the name suggests, native vegetation is the native or endemic species growing in a particular area. Horticulture flora, are the plants grown by humans for their use, and it is up to the region, climate, and type of soil favorable for the species to thrive. Lastly, weed flora is the unwanted plants, increases with the desired plant, but they are of no use.

Asia is the largest continent and holds the most sumptuous flora of the earth. It has almost 100,000 different kinds of vegetation growing in different climate areas. South America has also said to be one of the most diverse continents because of the mountains and continents’ presence. 

What is Fauna?

The term fauna has described to the animals living in a particular area. Fauna is a word related to fawn, which means animals. Secondly, fauna is a Latin word and derived its name from the Roman goddess. As fauna or animals depends on flora for their food, they are also called heterotrophs. Unlike plants, fauna can move in search of food. 

Fauna is divided into some categories based on animals living in certain areas. These subdivisions are as follows- megafauna, microfauna, Mesofauna, Avifauna, Piscifauna, and Cryofauna. 

Megafauna consists of the largest animals; microfauna includes the smallest animals and micro-organisms. Mesofauna includes invertebrates and soil organisms, while the Avifauna includes all the bird species. Piscifauna consists of fish, and Cryofauna includes animals living near ice. 

Facts about Flora and Fauna:

The biota is the term used for a complete form of fungi and bacteria. Flora and fauna are scientific; in general, we use plants and animals’ life. The ecosystem is the biological community where living beings interact with each other, whether it is micro-organism or a big animal. Flora and fauna also contribute an essential part in an ecosystem of the earth. 

Flora and fauna are living organisms that fall under the category of Eukaryotic. Both of them share many similarities and also many differences. The similarity between them is that they both breathe, reproduce, grow, respond to stimuli, exchange energy from the environment, and their body is made up of cells. 

Flora and fauna of Velds include red grass in bush velds. However, Acacia and Maroola are found in high velds. Fauna like cows and buffalos survive in velds.

The Australian flora and fauna list includes the following-

  • Kangaroo
  • Koala
  • Acacia
  • Eucalyptus
  • Wildflowers
  • Echidna
  • Platypus
  • Wombat
  • Tasmanian devil

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Comparison Between Flora and Fauna:

  • Flora refers to the natural vegetation that includes plants, fungi, and algae in a particular area.
  • Fauna indicates to the animals living in a specific region.
  • Flora has studied under botany, and the person who analyzes is known a botanist. 
  • Fauna has studied under the zoology subject, and the person reviewing it known as a zoologist.
  • Flora is autotrophs because they can prepare their food with the help of sunlight.
  • Fauna is heterotrophs as they cannot make their food. They are directly or indirectly dependent on flora for food.
  • The development of flora said to be the first form of life that appeared on earth. 
  • However, faunas believed to developed after flora.
  • Flora is immovable.
  • Fauna can move from one place to another.
  • The cell wall is present in the flora
  • While it is absent infauna
  • The chloroplast present in flora has used to store energy.
  • It lacks in fauna because they have mitochondria to save energy.

Distinguish Between Flora and Fauna: (Key Differences

  • Flora refers to natural vegetation, whereas fauna refers to an animal’s life.
  • Flora is studied under the botany subject while fauna is studied under the subject zoology.
  • The person studying botany called a botanist, and the person studying zoology called a zoologist.
  • Flora has considered as autotrophs as they can produce their food with the help of sunlight. Whereas fauna has found as heterotrophs as they depend on flora for food.
  • Flora is non- motile means they cannot move on their own while fauna is motile and can move from one place to another.
  • Cell wall and chloroplast are present in flora while these both are absent infauna. Fauna has mitochondria that have used for storing food. 
  • Examples of fauna are birds, animals, fish, and insects. Whereas the flora examples are grasslands, forest, flowering, and non-flowering plants and trees.

Flora vs Fauna: Conclusion

Above, we have discussed flora and fauna meaning and how they differ from each other while also sharing some similarities. We have concluded that both are equally important for the ecosystem. Another fact is that due to the increasing population, both flora and fauna are going extinct. However, it is essential to conserve both to create a proper balance in the environment. 

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