Birds Of Prey: Falcon
Falcons are birds of prey that belong to the Falco genus; there are nearly 40 species of falcon bird. Falcon has a long body with pointed wings, long tail, claws, and a notched bill. The tapered wings of a falcon allow them to change direction quickly. Falcons can be found in all types of habitat. The habitat of Falcon ranges from grasslands, deserts, forests, and arctic tundra’s.
- Falcons have excellent eyesight, they can see eight times more than a human eye.
- They can also see at night and can see an ultra-violate ray.
- The color of falcons varies from dark-brown to grey color with white, black, and yellow spots.
- Though falcons are known to stay in the same place, some species of these birds are migratory—Falcons mate for life and breed in the same territory.
- Female Falcon will lay two to five eggs after an incubation of 30 days.
- To kill prey, Falcon uses its beak, most of the species of the Falcon is considered as endangered because of their hunting by humans.
Diurnal Bird of Prey: Hawk
A hawk is a large group of predatory birds; there are more than 50 species of hawk. These species are quite similar to eagles and owls. Size, appearance, and feathers are different among species of birds, though all have sharp talons on feet and sharp curved beaks. Hawks survive in all types of habitats. Hawks prefer to live in the open region; they can be found in both tropical areas with high rainfall and dry areas. Hawks can be seen in Central America, the West Indies, and Jamaica.
- The color patterns of Hawks varies, some species have reliable color others have markings on their body.
- As Hawks are monogamous, they remain with the same partner for breeding.
- The female will lay between 1 to 5 eggs after a gestation of 30 days.
- When the young hawks are six weeks old or more, they began to fly and hunt.
- The IUCN listed some species of hawks as endangered or vulnerable.
What’s the Difference Between a Hawk and a Falcon (Scientific Comparison)
|Scientific name-||Falcon’s scientific name is Falco.||Hawk’s scientific name is buteo Jamaicensis.|
|Size-||The size of a falcon is 9 to 19 inches.||The size of a hawk is 18 to 26 inches.|
|Weight-||The most abundant species of Falcon weighs 47.5 pounds, and the smallest species weighs 2.5 to 3 pounds.||The average weight of a red-tailed hawk is 1.5 to 3.5 pounds.|
|Wingspan-||The wingspan of a falcon measures 20 to 43 inches.||The wingspan of a hawk ranges to 20 inches.|
|Diet-||The diet of Falcon consists of rodents, fish, frogs, reptiles, birds, and birds.||The diet of hawks includes rabbits, snakes, lizards, squirrels, and rats.|
|Species-||Types of Falcon:|
There are 40 species of Falcon, Gyrfalcon is the largest species of Falcon and Seychelles kestrel is the smallest species of Falcon.
|Types of hawks:|
Swain son’s hawk
|Speed-||How fast is Falcon?|
The top speed of Falcon is 200 mph.
|How fast is a hawk?|
The top speed of hawk is 150 mph.
|Group-||What is a group of Falcon called?|
A group of Falcon is called as cast.
|What is a group of hawks called?|
A group of a hawk is called a boil, cast, or kettle.
|Baby-||What is a baby falcon called?|
A baby falcon is known as eyas or eyass.
|What is a baby hawk called?|
A baby hawk is also known as an eyas.
|Life span-||12 to 18 years is the average life span of a falcon.||The average life span of a red-tailed hawk is 21 years.|
Major Difference Between Hawk and Falcon
Falcons have a notched beak while hawks have an arched beak. Falcons snatch their prey with beaks while hawks use claws to kill its prey.
Hawk vs Falcon: Who Would Win?
Falcons are smaller yet extremely fast than a hawk; its speed can change the game. If we talk about other aspects, then a hawk has more chances to win. Although Falcon could attack from behind. There are numerous species of Hawks and Falcons, so it relies upon which species you’re pitting each other with. In any case, in a head-on battle, the larger one generally has more chances to win. If we talk about speed and size, size works against a Hawk in an aerial fight. There are more chances of a Falcon to win over the Hawk.
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