Chinese Giant Salamander:

largest amphibian in the world | Japanese giant salamander

Giant salamanders are the amphibians that blend similar to a frog and lizard. The scientific name of the giant Salamander is Cryptobranchidae. Giant salamanders can be classified into three different species. The Chinese giant salamanders, the Japanese giant salamanders, and the American hell bender. Giant salamanders are one of the most evolutionary unique families of the amphibian tree. Their body is long and fragile with a long tail; they have smooth and wet skin.

Salamander Color:

Although all the species possess mainly brown or gray color still they are slightly different from one another. The Japanese species are uniform in color; the Chinese Salamander’s skin has a lighter gray color while hellbenders’ skin has red speckles.

Giant Salamander’s Teeth:

Most of the species of salamanders have small teeth in both the upper and lower jaws. The larvae of salamander also possess teeth, just like frogs. The shape of the larval teeth is pointed like a cone, which enables them to grab the prey quickly. 

Do salamanders lay eggs?

Not all the species of salamanders lay eggs, but many species lay eggs up to 450 at a time. The eggs of salamanders are bright and are like jelly and are put in water. The baby salamander is just like a baby frog; both are born without legs.

More About Chinese Giant Salamanders:

The Chinese giant salamanders are the most abundant amphibians living on the earth today. They can grow up to a length of 1.8 meters with a large tail that consists of 60% of body weight and can weigh up to 110 pounds. The Chinese giant salamanders habited in the large hill streams in a forested area; these species were once extensive in the southwestern, central, and southern China.

Chinese Giant Salamander Endangered:

  • The Chinese salamanders spend their entire life underwater. They do not have gills. They absorb the oxygen through their skin.
  • The mating occurs between July and September; the female Chinese Salamander lays approximately 400-500 eggs, which is safeguarded by the male Chinese Salamander.
  • The eggs took 50-60 days to hatch. The lifespan of a Chinese giant salamander is not known, however it can survive for 60 years in captivity.
  • The Chinese Salamander has a large head, small eyes, dark brown skin color with a marbled pattern. These species can vocal, make a bark, hiss and crying sounds.
  • The Chinese giant Salamander is listed critically endangered by the IUCN red list.
  • The major threats to these species are water pollution, habitat loss, and overpopulation of wild creatures. They are also poached for their meat and are used for medicinal purposes. 

What Do Salamanders Eat:

  • These species have poor eye sight; they hunt their prey by sensing the vibrations under the water.
  • The most common food of these species are crabs, shrimps, fishes, horsehair worms, and millipedes.

Japanese Giant Salamander:

The Japanese Giant Salamander is the second largest species of an amphibian after the Chinese Salamander. They have a long stretched body, broad tail, and have a wrinkled skin with speckled patterns of brown-black shades. These species have tiny eyes on their flat, broad head. Unlike Chinese salamanders, Japanese giant salamanders respire through their skin. They can grow to 5 feet long and can weigh to 55 pounds. Japanese giant salamander mates in the late august. Japanese Salamander’s habitats in the cold, flowing water with an abundance of oxygen.

largest Amphibian In The World:

They mainly feeds on fishes, frogs, small salamanders, insects, turtles, snakes and small mammals. Due to their poor vision they have to depend on other senses which includes touch and smell. Salamanders trap the prey in their mouth and bite with the bones. The metabolism of these species is highly slow and can live without food for several weeks. Japanese salamanders are nocturnal. A Japanese salamander lived for 52 years at the Amsterdam zoo. Giant Salamander has a natural ability to re-grow skin and bone if injured.