Bull Snakes vs Rattle Snakes (Difference Between Bull Snake and Rattlesnake)

rattlesnake vs bullsnake

In the world of reptiles, venom is a powerful defensive tool but not all the species have evolved the metabolism to produce it or the technique to deliver it. Some of the reptiles move almost touching the ground, but some of them have legs. Today, we will discuss bull snakes and rattlesnakes.

What is a Bull Snake?

Bull snakes are giant reptiles that are known as a subspecies of Gopher snake. However, they are long and can be quite frightening when threatened; they are not venomous. Rather than venom, this snake uses constriction to kill its prey. While constriction can be dangerous to small mammals, these reptiles do not grow long enough to pose a danger to humanity. 

What is a Rattlesnake?

Rattlesnakes are a group of venomous reptiles best known for a rather strange and loud adaptation. However, a rattlesnake can hiss; it makes warning noises one step further. The snake has a hollow rattle on the ends of its tail which it shakes to create a rattling noise. The snake’s rattle is a warning signal to potential predators to tell them to stay back.

There are around 36 different species of rattlesnakes, each species is different, and they vary in size, but they all share the features rattle.  They are relatively thick-bodied and heavy. 

Bull Snake Length:

Bull snakes are quite long where the average adult ranges between 4 to 6 feet in length. The base color of bull snakes usually is yellow, and they have patterns of black, brown, white, or red.

Rattlesnake Size:

The smallest species is the pygmy rattlesnake that is generally about 20 inches long. The longest species is the western diamond rattlesnake that measures up to 8.5 feet long. 

Rattlesnake vs Bull Snake: 

Rattlesnake Habitat:

Different species of rattlesnake inherits in different habitats. These snakes can survive in the desert and wet swamps, but they also live in meadows, dunes, forests, marshes, prairies, and more. The vast majority of species prefer habitats with plenty of rocky areas to hide. 

Wide variety of rattlesnake species are spread across North, Central, and South America. Many different species live in the Southwest United States and Mexico. Many others survive in the Eastern United States and South America. 

Each species has a different range though many populations overlap with one another. Some snakes live in small areas, while others are widespread. 

Bull Snake Habitat:

The species of bull snakes prefer to live in arid regions with high humidity and rainfall. They can also be found in coniferous forest, farmland, woodlands, and grasslands. Being a subspecies of Gopher snake, they commonly live in burrows underground. This species will either dig its burrow or take over the burrow of another rodent. 

Bull snakes are native to North and Central America. They can also be seen in the Central United States, across the Great Plains. In Canada, their range stretches from Saskatchewan to British Columbia. They can also be found in some parts of Northern and Central Mexico. 

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Difference Between a Bull Snake and Rattlesnake:

What do Bull Snakes Eat?

Bullsnake is a carnivorous animal who will feed on a variety of small animals. This includes rats and mice as a large percentage of their diet, but they will also prey on moles, rabbits, ground squirrels, lizards, frogs, birds, and eggs. They use constriction to kill their prey before swallowing it whole. 

What do Rattlesnakes Eat?

The group of rattlesnakes eats a wide variety of prey, though they primarily feed on small mammals. Some of their everyday food includes rats, mice, rabbits, birds and other small animals. These snakes use their sense of smell to detect its prey, or they for their prey to pass nearby.

Bull Snake Facts:

Bull snakes are solitary and generally hunt alone. They have been known to hibernate with other snakes such as Garter and milk snakes. The species are more active during the day, especially in the early morning. They flatten their bodies, hiss, and shake their tail to ward off potential predators. 

Rattlesnake Facts:

The rattlesnakes vary in their behavior based on the species and the region that they live in. Most of the species are solitary and diurnal. They live and hunt alone like bull snakes during the day. Although, in some areas where it is scorching, some species hunt at night and rest in the shade during the day time. 

Baby Bull Snake vs Baby Rattlesnake:

Bull snakes reproduce in March and April and lay eggs between April and June. The eggs are deposited in the sand, and the female lays around 12 eggs per clutch. The young snake can be quite giant and usually range from 8 to 18 inches in length. 

Most species of rattlesnake reproduce in spring, and the female develops the eggs within their bodies. They give live birth when the young snake reaches full development as they are ovoviviparous. The gestation period is about three months, but this varies from species to species. The newly hatched snakes are independent as soon as they are born, and receive no maternal care. 

Bullsnake vs Rattlesnake Fight:

If a fight happened between a bull snake and a rattlesnake, a rattlesnake might win. This is so because a rattlesnake bite can be more poisonous whereas a bite of bull snake is not so dangerous. Also, bull snakes are not aggressive by nature, and it will rarely bite unless provoked or threatened. 

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