Bonobo is an ape that is sometimes known as dwarf chimpanzee, as they share a lot of similarities with them. Besides chimpanzee, the bonobo is one of the closest relatives of a human being who shares 97 percent of the DNA. Bonobos are highly intelligent and emotional animals. These species are quite smaller, leaner, and darker than a chimpanzee.
Bonobos have long legs, narrow shoulders, and upright skeleton that allows them to walk on their two legs. Bonobos are diurnal animals, which means they are active during the daytime and spend their part of life on the ground and another part of the tree.
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Like other species of primates, bonobo has thumbs opposed to their fingers; this feature allows them to grip the branches and to use different tools. They are capable of understanding language, to communicate with people, play music instruments, and to use a variety of devices.
Bonobos are highly social animals and live in groups known as troops; the group is very cooperative and peaceful. The soldier is run by females and make most of the decisions for the group activities. The group also protects from predators. The force spent their night on trees and communicated through a high-pitch barking when they gathered in a group.
Bonobos do not have a specific mating season. Females become sexually mature at the age of 13 to 14 years. After the gestation period of 8 months, the female will deliver a single offspring. The bond between the baby bonobo and the other is strong. The mother takes care of the baby between 3 to 6 years. Each female bonobo has 5 to 7 babies during her life. The Young male bonobo is more dependent on their mother as compared to the young female bonobo. The young female leaves the troop and joins a new one while the young male bonobo stays within the force even after reaching sexual maturity.
Are Bonobo Endangered?
Bonobos are endangered species, according to the IUCN red list because of their habitat fragmentation, hunting, and civil wars.
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What does a chimpanzee look like?
Humans share 98.4% DNA with a chimpanzee; they also have the same bones and muscles as humans, with only differences in the form that they have long legs and arms. Chimpanzees are usually black, but older ones may have gray, black color. Both the male and the female have a short white beard. They also have prominent ears with a robust body. Chimpanzees had adapted to have Quadra pedal movement. The upper body of a mature chimpanzee is 8 to 10 times stronger than humans.
Chimpanzees have always shown their personalities and a way of indicating their feelings. They live in a group that consists of multiple females and dominant related males. Though females tend to live a more solitary life than the males, and often choose to spend much of their time with their offspring.
An infant chimpanzee is entirely dependent on his mother until the age of five. When males reach the age of maturity between 8 to 12 years, they will increase their independence and starts spending more time with adult males. The Female chimpanzee becomes mature by the age of 11 but begins to breed only when they are between the ages of 13 to 14 years. On average, a female chimpanzee delivers three offspring during her entire life.
Like bonobo, chimpanzees are also diurnal, they travel mostly on the ground and feed on trees during the day, and at night, they make a new nest in the forest canopy to sleep.
Chimpanzee uses different vocalizations from soft grunts and lip-smacking to barks and screams. They are also capable of learning the primary sign language of humans. Chimpanzees are also able to manipulate objects to transform them into useful tools. The tools had used to obtain food source such as sticks used for termites, fishing, and ant dipping.
Are Chimpanzee Endangered?
According to the red list of threatened species by the IUCN, chimpanzees are listed as endangered species. Their loss of habitat threatens the chimpanzees, they are hunted for bush-meat, and the infants are taken into the pet trade.
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Bonobo vs Chimp:
Both species belong to the same family, and both the chimpanzee and the bonobo share their DNA with humans. But they both slightly vary in their size, weight, and behavior. Chimpanzees are quite aggressive, while bonobos known for their peaceful and playful tone. If we imagine a fight between these two species, there are chances that the chimpanzee could win.