The Barbary lion, also called the Atlas Lions, was a subspecies of the African Lion.
Lions and Tigers have always been a sight of fascination among humans. Tigers and Lions are both symbols of strength and courage. Let us compare the various distinct features of the Barbary lion and Tiger and see who would have won in a fight between them.
What Do Barbary Lion Look Like?
The Barbary lion was described as the biggest lion subspecies. These lions are described as having a dark black mane with long hair that used to extend over the shoulder to their belly. However, the mane’s color was thick and blonde and depended on the age of the Barbary lion. The body of these lions was shorter than Asian and African lions.
Where Does A Barbary Lion Live?
The Barbary lion was native to North Africa. In the eastern area, the population was found less because of the arid-ness. But by the 18th century, they completely disappeared from the eastern range, and a stray population lived in the Atlas mountain range. The preferred barbary lion habitat is mountains and forested regions.
What Was the Size Of The Barbary Lion?
From head to tail, the length of the male lions was 7 feet 9 inches to 9 feet 2 inches while the females were around 8 feet 2 inches. However, the wild Barbary lion weight ranges between 600 to 660 pounds. Their Legs being shorter, contributing to their overall muscular appearance.
What Do Barbary Lions Eat?
The Barbary lion’s diet includes antelopes, pigs, deer, buffalo, wild boar, and domesticated animals. The Barbary lions were known for their hunting techniques, earlier the carcasses that have been found have indicated that the primary method of hunting. The lions would chase their prey and sink their teeth into its neck.
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Barbary Lion Reproduction:
Barbary lions were solitary animals and only came together to mate during the breeding season, which is believed to be January. Records have shown that the gestation period in females lasted for 110 days. They used to deliver 2 to 6 cubs per litter, and each cub weighed around 1.5 to 1.7 kilograms. The cubs were heavily spotted with dark rosettes. They opened their eyes after six days and were able to walk after 12 to 13 days. The cubs used to stay with their mother until the age of two years.
Barbary Lion Information:
- In the 19th century, a hunter had described a male Barbary lion as large as 128 inches long with a 29 inches long tail.
- The Barbary lion was used as entertainers by the Romans in the Colosseum.
- At that time, the Barbary lion was given gifts instead of taxes to Morocco and Ethiopia’s royal families.
- In the early 19th and 20th century these lions were used to keep in circus and hotels.
- In the year 1835, Barbary lions were shifted London zoo following the orders of the Duke of Wellington.
- The Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie had a collection of Barbary lions kept in the Addis Ababa Zoo.
- The most popular Barbary lion in the captivity of the London zoo was the ‘sultan.’
How Long Do Barbary Lions Live?
The average lifespan of these lions was from 12 to 15 years.
Are Barbary Lions Extinct?
It is assumed that the population of Barbary lions gradually decreases in the mid of the 19th century. Hunting was the primary threat and the major cause of their extinction. However, climatic changes with the increase in the human settlement also added another threat to these subspecies. Deforestation and lack of food sources also cause a decline in their numbers. The official records suggest that the last Barbary lion was shot in the western Maghreb in 1942. However, some sub-species were seen in Algeria and Morocco until 1950; it was believed that the remaining population survived until 1960.
What Does A Tiger Look Like?
The Tigers are the most abundant species in the world that belong to the feline family. Tiger in many cultures is defined as a symbol of courage, strength, and dignity. The Tigers can be recognized from their orange fur with black or brown stripes. However, these markings can be different in subspecies. The Siberian Tiger has pale orange fur with few lines while the Sumatran tigers have a dark and thick striped coat.
Where Does A Tiger Live?
The Tigers are native to Asia, depending on their subspecies, these large cats can be found in a different habitat. Like the Siberian Tiger prefers to live in the northern, cold regions of Russia and China. The smaller subspecies survive in warmer countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Indonesia. The various environments in which they live include forests, flooded mangrove forests, tropical forests, and taiga.
How Many Subspecies of Tigers Are There?
There are six subspecies of tigers which are follows-
- Bengal tiger
- Siberian Tiger
- Sumatran tiger
- Malayan Tiger
- Indochinese Tiger
- South China tiger
How Long Can a Tiger Grow?
The largest subspecies of the Tiger are the Siberian or the Amur tiger, which can measure 10.75 feet long and weigh up to 660 pounds. However, the smallest tiger subspecies are the Sumatran Tiger that weighs from 165 to 308 pounds. The long tail of tigers adds another 3 feet to their length. And the claws of tigers grow up to 4 inches long, which they use to grab and hold their prey.
What Does A Tiger Eat?
All the tiger subspecies are carnivorous, and their diet consists of large animals such as pigs, deer, and rhinoceros. To kill its prey, the Tiger grabs the animal’s neck with its jaw and suffocates them. These animals’ teeth have pressure sensing nerves, which help them to bite in the exact position.
The Tigers are generally solitary animals and only come together to mate. The females can deliver seven cubs at a time, but not all the cubs make it to their age of two. The cubs are ready to learn how to hunt and go with their mothers on hunting when they are eight weeks old.
- A group of tigers is called an ambush or streak.
- These animals are great swimmers and love to play in the water. They can swim up to 6 km.
- Less than 10 percent of the tiger hunt end as successful.
- Tigers are known to jump over 5 meters in length.
- The Tiger that bred with a lion delivers hybrids known as tigons and ligers.
How Long Does a Tiger Live?
The average life expectancy in tigers is from 20 to 25 years.
Are Tigers Endangered?
According to the IUCN red list of threatened species- the Siberian Tiger, the Indochinese Tiger, and the Bengal tiger are classified as endangered. While the Sumatran, Malayan, and the South China tigers are classified as critically endangered.
Barbary Lion vs Tiger: Comparison
As a Barbary lion had gone extinct, we cannot compare a fight between a Tiger and a Barbary lion. However, records have mentioned that the Barbary lion was massive and more robust than the tigers. So there are more chances for a Barbary lion to win if a fight Barbary lion vs tiger happens.
Also read Information About African Elephant Species.