Amphibians vs Reptiles (Difference Between Amphibians and Reptiles)

amphibians vs reptiles

Reptiles and amphibians are not closely related to each other, but also have some similarities. However, they have been distinguished by their physical appearance and many other factors. Amphibians and reptiles share many of the similarities that people often get confused between them. Reptiles include snakes, lizards, and turtles, while amphibians include toads, frogs, and salamanders. In a list of amphibians and reptiles, one can find many different species of both of them.

What are amphibians?

Amphibians are cold-blooded animals that carry backbones and show features that lie between reptiles and fish. They have characterized by their ability to explore both aquatic and terrestrial habitat. Most of the amphibian species have moist skin, which had protected by a slippery secretion of mucus. They also live in damp places or near water to keep themselves dry. Amphibians may have toxic skin, which is harmful to their predators. 

Where do amphibians live?

Amphibians can be found throughout the world except for Antarctica. They live in a wide variety of habitat, including terrestrial, fossorial, arboreal, or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. 

How many species of amphibians are there?

There are around 5,600 living species of amphibians.

What is the size of amphibians?

As there are many different species of amphibians existing all over the world, Their size and weight varies vast majority. The smallest amphibian specie in the world is a frog from New Guinea Paedophryne Amanuensis that measures just 0.30 inches. However, the most abundant amphibian is the Chinese giant salamander that grows from 5 to 11 inches. 

What do amphibians eat?

Amphibians are predatory animals that feed on live invertebrates and animals that do not move too quickly. These animals consist of caterpillars, earthworms, water beetles, snails, and dragonfly larvae. Many of the amphibians use their sticky tongues to catch their prey. They will swallow the animals as a whole, but may chew it just a bit to go down their throats.  

Do amphibians lay eggs?

Amphibians lay their eggs in water in a foam nest. After hatching, they are tadpoles that survive in water and have gills. The tadpole changes into an adult in a process called metamorphosis. When they are adults, they breathe through the lungs instead of gills. Adults also use their skin to take in oxygen, and some species of salamanders do not have lungs. 

Also read interesting python and alligator fight.

Interesting Facts About Amphibians:

  • The name amphibian had derived from the Greek amphibious, meaning living a double life.
  • Amphibians cannot regulate their body heat, so they depend on sunlight to become warm and active. 
  • They cannot cool down on their own, so when they get too hot, they find a burrow or shade. 
  • Amphibians have good color vision and depth of focus of clear sight.
  • The vocalization made by amphibians is limited to occasional soft squeaks, grunts, or hisses. 
  • A few amphibians’ skins are known to have hallucinogenic effects on the central nervous and respiratory systems in humans.
  • Frogs have also used as food both for local consumption and for commercial export. 
  • Amphibians had been kept as pets in aquariums.
  • Amphibians play an essential role in human society as the substances produced from the amphibian’s glands are used for human medicines. 

How long do amphibians live?

A small cave salamander, olm, also known as the human fish, has broken the world’s record for the longest-lived amphibian. The salamanders have a lifespan of over 100 years. This creature has a far longer lifespan than any other amphibian. The amphibians with the shortest lifespan are some of the lizards and frogs species with a lifespan of only one to two years. 

Are amphibians endangered?

Under the IUCN red list of threatened species declares that around one-third known species of amphibians have threatened with extinction. Whereas frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians are going extinct. 

Also read interesting comparison baboon vs mandrill vs monkey.

What are reptiles?

Reptiles are cold-blooded, air-breathing vertebrates that have broken bodies. Reptiles avoid confrontation through camouflage; two significant groups of reptile predators are birds and other reptiles. Many of the reptile species can change their body color. They use their color-changing capabilities for attracting mates, which helps them to regulate their temperatures. Reptiles have scales that are dry and not slender. Their scales that cover their bodies are dry to the touch and quite impressive.

Where do reptiles live? 

Reptiles can be found all around the world except for Antarctica. However, Reptiles habitat in a wide variety of habitats. Many turtles survive in the ocean while others live in freshwater or no land. Lizards are all terrestrial, but their habitat may range from deserts to rainforest. Most of the snakes are terrestrial and live in a wide variety of habitats, but some snakes are also aquatic. 

How many species of reptiles are there?

There are more than 10,700 species of reptiles, making the reptiles one of the most diverse types of vertebrates in the world.

What is the size of reptiles?

Reptiles vary in sizes, and they can range from a tiny gecko, which can grow up to 0.7 inches. However, the enormous saltwater crocodile can reach 19.7 feet in length and weigh over 2200 pounds. 

What do reptiles eat?

Reptiles are carnivorous, which feed on some form of animals such as insects, mollusks, birds, frogs, mammals, fish, or even snakes. Some of the species are vegetarian, eating leaves, grass, and even cactus. 

Reptile’s reproduction:

Unlike amphibians, reptile’s reproductive behavior between different species generally differs. Among reptiles, courtship rituals and reproduction can be quite different. Most of them lay eggs while some bear lives births. Some other species do not require males to reproduce. Most of the reptile species, even do not care about their offspring and left to fend for themselves from birth.

Interesting Facts About Reptiles:

  • Most of the reptile species can see through ultraviolet light. Reptiles with small pupils can only see in black and white and are more active. 
  • The fastest reptiles do not equal up to the speed by mammals as their rate does not generally go beyond 25 mph. 
  • Reptiles have determined less intelligent than mammals and birds. 
  • Monitor lizards tend to be the most intelligent reptiles. These lizards can easily learn quickly while in captivity.
  • The name reptile comes from the Latin, which means one who creeps.

How long do reptiles live?

Reptiles are some of the longest-lived and the oldest animals in the world. With an average lifespan of over 150 years, the giant tortoise is the world’s largest living reptile species.

Are reptiles endangered?

Under the IUCN, 203 species had listed as vulnerable, 134 species described as endangered, and 86 species as critically endangered.

Amphibians vs Reptiles: Fight Comparison

In the wild amphibians and reptiles do compete with each other. However, it depends on their species. Some of them fight for their territory while some become predators of each other. In previous articles, we have compared many different species of amphibians and reptiles. In conclusion, we could only say that in a fight between them, the largest and most aggressive species can win. 

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